In the past decade Pakistan has become a country of immense importance to its region, the United States, and the world. With almost million people. In his latest book on Pakistan, Anatol. Lieven takes the reader on a revealing journey through that troubled country. Departing from a title that is subtly. Pakistan A Hard Country By Anatol Lieven Pdf Free Download. Pakistan A Hard Country Book By Anatol Lieven Read online Free Download in Pdf format.
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Pakistan A Hard Country By Anatol Lieven | Free Pdf Books. Pakistan A Hard Country is very famous book of Anatol Lieven which is a descriptive survey of the . Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Masooda Bano and others published Pakistan: a hard country by Anatol Lieven. Professor Anatol Lieven's page blockbuster is likely to remain the bench- mark work on Pakistan for the foreseeable future, though so unforeseeable is.
The feudal kinship networks that makeup Pakistan have resulted in a system that deteriorates governance through extensive patronage networks. Votes are given at the behest of local leaders with the expectation of a job, protection, or other favors in return.
This eventually corrodes the functioning of the economy, social services, the police and judiciary, and other necessary organs of government. At the same time, feudal rivalries dampen extremist tendencies by both undercutting ideological fervor and fragmenting political power. Because Pakistani society is largely based on bonds of kinship, groundswell movements are constantly undercut by competing loyalties.
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This makes radical reform, be it religious, economic, or social, nearly impossible. The organization of A Hard Country seems to reflect the chaos of the country it seeks to describe. Chapter topics jump from structural topics religion, justice, and the military to a set of chapters dedicated to the different provinces.
The concluding section deals with the rise of the Pakistani Taleban. A second criticism of the book is the treatment given to Balochistan.
Ethno-national Baloch rebels have been fighting a low-level insurgency for years, claiming marginalization and exploitation by the Punjabi-dominated federal government. Their cause has gained the ire of the military, resulting in a wave of killings and disappearances , as well as the sympathy of international observers and human rights organizations.
Lieven's book also contains contemporary survey of "collapsing" Pakistan and some of the most clear-sighted accounts of "rising" India. Lieven describes the well-embedded power structures in the country, devoting separate chapters to Pakistans provinces, its political parties and, most important, its army.
He moves around with Taliban sympathizers and generals, traces the role of religion and explains the concepts of kinship and honour at play in the countrys current travails.
He does not appear to be afraid of reaching his own conclusions. Shariah, as per him, is not so much a strict set of rules as a system for how justice is delivered and who delivers it. Lieven's courage lies in his noteworthy, flesh-and-blood portrait of the nation, ranging across demographic swathes and including a chorus of voices from farmers to intelligence officers.
The picture is one of a semianarchic nation stuck in police savagery, institutional corruption, population bulges, water shortages and the risk of catastrophic environmental disaster following last year's floods. The latter challenge, he narrates, poses the major long-term threat. In Lievens opinion, the West doesnt realize that the problem in Pakistan is not a lack of democracy, but too much of it, with many competing parties and interest groups.
Lieven is optimistic regarding repeated failures of democracy and the rule of law. These institutions, he suggests, were British colonial impositions that never struck deep roots in Pakistan.
Even where the outward forms persist, they have always been corrupted and manipulated, usually of course in the interests of the rich.
No wonder that both, various kinds of informal justice and the savage but comparatively swift and transparent processes of shariah, have so strong an appeal.
Pakistans police forces and local courts emerge from Lievens account as absolutely unfit for purpose on every imaginable level. Lieven has attempted to paint a textured, complex portrait of the military and ISI. The army is the one Pakistani institution that works. It is organised, disciplined and defined by its post-Partition insecurity towards India. This is certainly not a new line of thought, but one that is fully investigated.
Pakistan: A Hard Country
Pakistan's anti-Indian agenda is still confused for a radical Islamist agenda in the West and Lieven surgically unravels the details. Pakistan's apprehension over being swallowed up, or surrounded, if India begins to involve itself in Afghanistan's affairs has led to the army's union with the Afghan Taliban.
Yet off the home front, the ISI has helped to defeat the threat of terror in the Western world, its assistance "absolutely vital" to preventing more attacks on Britain, US and Europe. There exist a point to argue here i.
Pakistan: A Hard Country by Anatol Lieven – review
A fuller discussion of why he rejects ideas of the ISI as all-powerful would have given better clarity. Lieven presents argument about the insurgency in the west of Pakistan and does not expect the collapse of the state as it is only the latest in a series of such uprisings that have marked that region over many centuries.
In his perspective it is embedded in the rapid social changes that have occurred along the porous border with Afghanistan.Lieven begins with the key components of the system. BB code is On. Cohen 6.
In this book, Anatol Lieven, sets out to give a strong message about this complex and troubled nation to often not very well informed public and usually ignorant leaders. Lieven is optimistic regarding repeated failures of democracy and the rule of law. Originally Posted by ardent7.
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